How Quadriplegics deal unintuitive complications
Spinal cord injury(Quadriplegics or Paraplegics) is a type of severe paralysis, caused by vehicular accidents, fall from height or gun shot wounds, which disconnects the entire body from the brain control below the injury site.
Here i explain some of the unintuitive body phenomena, which begins after the injury and if not dealt with properly, can create serious complications for the patients leading to death as well.
The below mentioned guidance is for spinal cord injury quadriplegia, a type of sci patients, who suffer with partial to full paralysis on upper limbs as well as complete paralysis on lower limbs. Paraplegics, on the other hand, have only their lower limbs affected.
READ ALSO: HOW TO SAVE FROM PRESSURE SORES
Autonomic dysreflexia symptoms :
Quadriplegics,also called tetraplegic, often complain of high blood pressures or excessive sweating for reasons unknown to them. What happens is: whenever there is any sort of itching, irritation, pain in the body portions, which have no sensation, the body reacts by souring up blood pressures, sweating and headache.
When a patient experiences such a condition, he must check by himself, if he is rehabilitated enough, or checked by a caretaker for any un comfortable happenings to his lower body parts.
Check for properly sheeted bed linen while lying down, or wheelchair cushion below the patient before he sits on it.
Wear loose clothes and shoes as the tight ones reduce blood supply and leave red spots on the body. Many times people suffer from autonomic dysreflexia symptoms because their toes in shoes were either being forced bend or nails being pinched by the leather.
The dysreflexia is also an indication of potential pressure sore formation, which can be used to the patients advantage, in advance.
READ ALSO: COMPLICATIONS FACING QUADRIPLEGICS
Temperature control issue:
Sweating phenomenon, a gift by nature, is used as thermostat, just like in air conditioners, in able bodied persons which stabilizes their body temperature.
What happens in quads is: when being exposed to heat, usually in summers, they do not sweat and hence suffer from fever. The only remedy is to take them into an air conditioned environment to cool their bodies.
The opposite happens in winter! Normal people, in a cool environment, have their blood vessels close to skin, squeezed up naturally. This reduces internal body-heat radiating out in the environment.