Darek fadyka, who was stabbed several times on his back in an unfortunate incident, got paralyzed chest down in 2010. Since then, he had been unable to walk or sit.
Dr Raismann and his research team at university college London, conducted a ground breaking research treatment of stem cells on Mr Darek in collaboration with the doctors in Warklow, Poland in 2012.
Olfactory ensheating bulbs, a type of cells, which are produced at the base of brain and through which human beings get their sense of smell, were used in Darek’s treatment. Unlike the other body cells Oebs are the only ones in a human body, which develops with time and replaces the damaged nasal cells.
1. Surgeons at Worclaw hospital extracted oebs from the nasal cavity and cultured those in a lab environment to multiply its growth.
2. Nerve grafts were extracted from the ankle of the patient to support the regeneration of severed spinal cord nerve fibres to fill the spinal cavity.
3. Both oebs and nerve grafts were injected in a surgical procedure to the injured site of the patient.
spinal site where stem cells were inserted
Before the surgery, mr. Fadyka had been going through intense rehabilitation for 2 years, but he showed no signs of improvement, but after the break through stem cell injection, he continued with the rehab, getting first noticeable improvement within 3 months, and started to regain leg muscle movement after 6 months. Later on, he could walk on parallel bars through knee supporting braces.
Previously, stem cells treatment had failed to achieve any significant improvement because surgeons would only inject cultured stem cells in the injury site without any supporting graft mechanism, which could direct the nerve growth in the right path so as to fill the spinal cord cavity. Previous stem cells treatments have, at most, helped regain some sensation in the patients paralyzed parts.
Dr. Raisman, first experimented with his procedure on rats in 2005, which revealed rats with severed spinal cords could regain motor functions after being operated.
Further trials, after Mr. Fadyka success, are being planned to ensure the treatment success. The surgeons at Warklow are selecting candidates with complete spinal cord injuries, preferably those with stabbed wounds.
About the author
Web developer and blogging enthusiast. Have keen interest in reading Physics/ Astronomy/ world politics/ Economics related news and articles.